[Effect of long-term power frequency electromagnetic field exposure on proliferation and apoptosis of SRA01/04 cells].

Author: An GZ, Zhou Y, Hou QX, Li YR, Jiang DP, Guo GZ, Zhang C, Ding GR.
Department of Radiation Medicine, College of Preventive Medicine, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an 710032, China.
Conference/Journal: Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi.
Date published: 2013 Apr
Other: Volume ID: 31 , Issue ID: 4 , Pages: 246-50 , Special Notes: [Article in Chinese] , Word Count: 256

To investigate the effect of long-term power frequency electromagnetic field (50 Hz) exposure on the proliferation and apoptosis of human lens epithelial cells (SRA01/04 cells).
SRA01/04 cells in the exponential growth phase were exposed or sham-exposed to power frequency electromagnetic field (50 Hz, 2.3 mT) for 2 hours per day, 5 days every week. After 11 weeks of exposure, the cells were collected; the cell morphology was observed under a microscope, the cell viability was measured by MTT assay, the cell cycle and apoptosis were examined by flow cytometry, and the protein expression levels of cyclin D and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) were determined by western blot.
Compared with the sham-exposed SRA01/04 cells, most exposed cells became rounded and more stereoscopic, and heterochromatin gathered near the nuclear membrane in some exposed cells. The MTT assay showed that the viability of exposed cells was significantly increased compared with that of the sham-exposed cells (P < 0.05). Long-term power frequency electromagnetic field exposure led to significantly increased number of cells in S phase (P < 0.05), and the proliferation index was significantly higher in the exposed cells than in the sham-exposed cells (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in apoptotic rate between the exposed cells and sham-exposed cells (P > 0.05). The exposed cells had significantly higher protein expression levels of cyclin D and PCNA than the sham-exposed cells (P < 0.05).
Long-term power frequency electromagnetic field exposure can promote cellular proliferation and change cell cycle in SRA01/04 cells, but it has no marked effect on the apoptosis of SRA01/04 cells.
PMID: 23595299