EM Radiation Research Trust. This is an independent non-profit organization whose mission is providing the facts about electro-magnetic radiation and helath to the public and the media.
World Health Organization. Introduction to electromagnetic fields (EMF) and frequently asked questions about EMF.
Extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields and cancer: How source of funding affects results. When one allows for bias reflected in source of funding, the evidence that magnetic fields increase risk of cancer is neither inconsistent nor inconclusive. Furthermore adults are also at risk, not just children, and there is strong evidence for cancers in addition to leukemia, particularly brain and breast cancer.
Shielding methods and products against man-made Electromagnetic Fields: Protection versus risk. "Lately, people are advised by private companies and individuals to protect themselves from man-made EMFs by metal shielding through various products, for which there are reasonable concerns about their protective efficacy and safety. Indeed, any metal shielding practice, even when correctly applied, attenuates not only man-made totally polarized EMFs accused for the health problems, but also the natural non-polarized EMFs responsible for the biological rhythmicity and well-being of all animals. We suggest that an avoidance strategy is safer than shielding, and provide specific protection tips. We do not reject shielding in general, but describe ways to keep it at a minimum by intermittent use, as this is theoretically safer than extensive permanent shielding."
A novel database of bio-effects from non-ionizing radiation. "A significant amount of electromagnetic field/electromagnetic radiation (EMF/EMR) research is available that examines biological and disease associated endpoints. The Oceania Radiofrequency Scientific Advisory Association (ORSAA) has created a comprehensive, non-biased, multi-categorized, searchable database of papers on non-ionizing EMF/EMR. There are 3 times more biological "Effect" than "No Effect" papers; nearly a third of papers provide no funding statement; industry-funded studies more often than not find "No Effect", while institutional funding commonly reveal "Effects". Country of origin where the study is conducted/funded also appears to have a dramatic influence on the likely result outcome."
Wi-Fi technology - an uncontrolled global experiment on the health of mankind. Approximately 2 years ago, the International Agency of Research on Cancer classified the electromagnetic fields used in mobile communication as a possible carcinogen. This paper discusses the potential health hazard and lack of scientific assessment and regulatory actions in protection of the life on the planet.
The Fundamental Reasons Why Laptop Computers should not be Used on Your Lap. Using laptop computers on the lap adversely affects the male reproductive health.
The effect of electromagnetic radiation (EMR) on the rat brain: an experimental study. EMR causes to structural changes in the frontal cortex, brain stem and cerebellum and impair the oxidative stress and inflammatory cytokine system. This deterioration can cause to disease including loss of these areas function and cancer development.
For an in-depth discussion of the promise of Electromagnetic Therapy and the perils of Electromagnetic Pollution, see Cross Currents.
Probably the most dangerous effect of electromagnetic pollution is DNA fragmentation, which causes a loss of fertility, impairment of the immune system, debilitation of the cancer defence, and predicts genetic damage to future generations. The cumulative effect of over 4.5 billion mobile phones now in existence threatens the entire genome. All life on earth, and not just human life, is at risk (More: see Final Report below).
The body of evidence on EMF requires a new approach to protection of public health; the growth and development of the fetus, and of children; and argues for strong preventative actions. These conclusions are built upon prior scientific and public health reports documenting the following: 1) Low-intensity (non-thermal) bioeffects and adverse health effects are demonstrated at levels significantly below existing exposure standards. 2) ICNIRP and IEEE/FCC public safety limits are inadequate and obsolete with respect to prolonged, low-intensity exposures. 3) New, biologically-based public exposure standards are urgently needed to protect public health world-wide. 4) It is not in the public interest to wait.
Study uncovers how electromagnetic fields can amplify pain. Until a recent study led by researchers at The University of Texas at Dallas was published online last month in PLOS ONE, there was no scientific evidence to back up the anecdotal stories of people, such as Underwood, who reported aberrant sensations and neuropathic pain around cellphone towers and other technology that produce radio-frequency electromagnetic fields.
"Our study provides evidence, for the first time, that subjects exposed to cellphone towers at low, regular levels can actually perceive pain," said Dr. Mario Romero-Ortega, senior author of the study and an associate professor of bioengineering in the University's Erik Jonsson School of Engineering and Computer Science. "Our study also points to a specific nerve pathway that may contribute to our main finding."
The Century of Noise. When did, actually, "noise pollution" begin to coexist along with our daily life and activities and change our environmental natural sounds, which hadn't changed for centuries?
Each Age of Pollution has created new types of pollution challenges for our mind and body's natural processes to adapt to and overcome.
The Industrial Age
The Nuclear Age
The Electromagnetic Age
The Pharmaceutical Age
The Genetic Engineering Age
5G Wireless Communication and Health Effects—A Pragmatic Review Based on Available Studies Regarding 6 to 100 GHz. The available studies do not provide adequate and sufficient information for a meaningful safety assessment, or for the question about non-thermal effects. There is a need for research regarding local heat developments on small surfaces, e.g., skin or the eye, and on any environmental impact. Our quality analysis shows that for future studies to be useful for safety assessment, design and implementation need to be significantly improved. The reason why more study is needed is due to the fact that existing studies are not covering the new frequencies used by 5G. [PMCID: PMC6765906]
IEEE antenna and telecommunications experts address concerns over radio frequency exposure.
“If the same amount of power that’s currently transmitted from a cell tower located 30 meters up were to be transmitted from a 5G base station installed at a bus stop, then there would be cause for concern,”
"although millimeter waves have been used for many different applications—including astronomy and military applications—the effect of their use in telecommunications is not well understood"
"it would be unscientific to flat out say there are no reasons to worry."
Genetic effects of non-ionizing electromagnetic fields. Genetic effects of EMF depend on various factors, including field parameters and characteristics (frequency, intensity, wave-shape), cell type, and exposure duration. The types of gene expression affected (e.g., genes involved in cell cycle arrest, apoptosis and stress responses, heat-shock proteins) are consistent with the findings that EMF causes genetic damages. [PMID: 33539186].
Cellular Phone Use and Risk of Tumors: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. This comprehensive meta-analysis of case-control studies found evidence that linked cellular phone use to increased tumor risk. PMID: 33147845.
Electromagnetic hypersensitivity (EHS, microwave syndrome) - Review of mechanisms. It is concluded that the mechanisms underlying the symptoms of EHS are biologically plausible and that many organic physiologic responses occur following EMF exposure. Patients can have neurologic, neuro-hormonal and neuro-psychiatric symptoms following exposure to EMF as a consequence of neural damage and over-sensitized neural responses.
ADVERSE HEALTH EFFECTS OF 5G MOBILE NETWORKING TECHNOLOGY UNDER REAL-LIFE CONDITIONS. This article presents evidence that the nascent 5 G mobile networking technology will affect not only the skin and eyes, as commonly believed, but will have adverse systemic effects as well.
Limiting liability with positioning to minimize negative health effects of cellular phone towers. The use of cellular phones is now ubiquitous through most of the adult global population and is increasingly common among even young children in many countries (e.g. Finland, where the market for smart phones is nearly saturated). The basic operation of cellular phone networks demands widespread human exposure to radio-frequency radiation (RFR) with cellular phone base stations providing cellular coverage in most areas. As the data needs of the population increase from the major shift in the source of Internet use from personal computers to smart phones, this coverage is widely predicted to increase. Thus, both the density of base stations and their power output is expected to increase the global human RFR exposure. Although direct causation of negative human health effects from RFR from cellular phone base stations has not been finalized, there is already enough medical and scientific evidence to warrant long-term liability concerns for companies deploying cellular phone towers. In order to protect cell phone tower firms from the ramifications of the failed paths of other industries that have caused unintended human harm (e.g. tobacco) this Current Issue summarizes the peer-reviewed literature on the effects of RFR from cellular phone base stations. Specifically the impacts of siting base stations are closely examined and recommendations are made for companies that deploy them to minimize their potential future liability.
Effect of electromagnetic field exposure on the transcription of repetitive DNA elements in human cells. When comparing cells exposed to RF-EMF versus control samples, different results were found for the three cell lines evaluated, indicating that Radiofrequency-EMF exposure can significantly affect repetetive DNA transcription and that the effects strongly depend on the cellular context and the tissue type.
Effect of Long-term Occupational Exposure to Extremely Low Frequency Electromagnetic Fields on Proinflammatory Cytokine and Hematological Parameters. Long-term exposure to ELF-EMFs probably affects immune responses, by stimulating the production of proinflammatory cytokines, and increasing some hematological parameters.
Effect of Cell Phone Radiations on Orofacial Structures: A Systematic Review. Cell phone emitted radiations have an adverse effect on salivary glands and facial nerves.
Mobile phone use, school electromagnetic field levels and related symptoms: a cross-sectional survey among 2150 high school students in Izmir. We found an association between mobile phone use and especially headache, concentration difficulties, fatigue, sleep disturbances and warming of the ear showing also dose-response. Decreasing the numbers of calls and messages, decreasing the duration of calls, using earphones, keeping the phone away from the head and body and similar precautions might decrease the frequencies or prevalence of the symptoms.
Electromagnetic Fields, Pulsed Radiofrequency Radiation, and Epigenetics: How Wireless Technologies May Affect Childhood Development. Mobile phones and other wireless devices that produce electromagnetic fields (EMF) and pulsed radiofrequency radiation (RFR) are widely documented to cause potentially harmful health impacts that can be detrimental to young people. New epigenetic studies are profiled in this review to account for some neurodevelopmental and neurobehavioral changes due to exposure to wireless technologies. Symptoms of retarded memory, learning, cognition, attention, and behavioral problems have been reported in numerous studies and are similarly manifested in autism and attention deficit hyperactivity disorders, as a result of EMF and RFR exposures where both epigenetic drivers and genetic (DNA) damage are likely contributors.
Current Understanding of the Health Effects of Electromagnetic Fields. A recent study showed a link between EMF radiation and the development of malignant tumors in rats. In light of that study, the American Academy of Pediatrics set out new recommendations to decrease the adverse effects of cellphone exposure on children.
Mobile phone use and risk of brain tumours: a systematic review of association between study quality, source of funding, and research outcomes. We found evidence linking mobile phone use and risk of brain tumours especially in long-term users (≥10 years). Studies with higher quality showed a trend towards high risk of brain tumour, while lower quality showed a trend towards lower risk/protection.
The Effects of Exposure to Low Frequency Electromagnetic Fields in the Treatment of Migraine Headache. The number and severity of migraine headaches were correlated significantly with an increased use of mobile phones during day and Wi-Fi per week.
Effects of the Effect of Ultra High Frequency Mobile Phone Radiation on Human Health. The results of this study and International Commission of Non Ionization Radiation Protection (ICNIRP) reports showed the people who spend more than 50 minutes a day using a cell phone could have early dementia or other thermal damage due to the burning of glucose in the brain.
Electromagnetic field and brain development. Rapid advances in technology involve increased exposures to radio-frequency/microwave radiation from mobile phones and other wireless transmitting devices. As cell phones are held close to the head during talking and often stored next to the reproductive organs, studies are mostly focused on the brain. In fact, more research is especially needed to investigate electromagnetic field (EMF)'s effects on the central nervous system (CNS). Several studies clearly demonstrate that EMF emitted by cell phones could affect a range of body systems and functions. Recent work has demonstrated that EMF inhibit the formation and differentiation of neural stem cells during embryonic development and also affect reproductive and neurological health of adults that have undergone prenatal exposure. The aim of this review is to discuss the developing CNS and explain potential impacts of EMF on this system.
Mobile phones: time to rethink and limit usage. Radiofrequency waves generated from mobile phones cause potential public health problems. Short-term effects like changes in sleep, heart rate, and blood pressure, and long-term effects like carcinoma are well documented. The need for stringent enforcement of laws for prevention of phone usage while driving and guidelines of medical regulatory bodies regarding rules and regulations of phone usage while at class or attending patients is of utmost importance. This should be supplemented by mass media to raise awareness among people regarding the possible health effects of radiofrequency emissions from mobile phones and the guidelines to minimize its exposure. It is the need of the hour to teach young people to be structured, to know when to have the cell phone on, and to avoid becoming the slave of technology instead of its mastery.
Fielding a current idea: exploring the public health impact of electromagnetic radiation. Publications in the scientific literature have raised concern about the individual and public health impact of adverse non-ionizing radiation (a-NIR) from electromagnetic field (EMF) exposure emanating from certain power, electrical and wireless devices commonly found in the home, workplace, school and community. Despite the many challenges in establishing irrefutable scientific proof of harm and the various gaps in elucidating the precise mechanisms of harm, epidemiological analyses continue to suggest considerable potential for injury and affliction as a result of a-NIR exposure. As environmental health has not been emphasized in medical education, some clinicians are not fully aware of possible EMF-related health problems and, as a result, manifestations of a-NIR may remain misdiagnosed and ineffectually managed. It is important for physicians and public health officials to be aware of the fundamental science and clinical implications of EMF exposure. A review of the scientific literature relating to the link between electromagnetic radiation and human health, several public health recommendations, and four case histories are presented for consideration.
Understanding the link between environmental exposures and health: does the exposome promise too much? "The exposome has been proposed to complement the genome and be the totality of all environmental exposures of an individual over his or her lifetime:"
Swedish review strengthens grounds for concluding that radiation from cellular and cordless phones is a probable human carcinogen. Some studies have examined mobile phone users for periods of time that are too short to detect an increased risk of brain cancer, while others have misclassified exposures by placing those with exposures to microwave radiation from cordless phones in the control group, or failing to attribute such exposures in the cases. In 2011, the World Health Organization, International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) advised that electromagnetic radiation from mobile phone and other wireless devices constitutes a "possible human carcinogen." The authors also note that brain cancer is the proverbial "tip of the iceberg"; the rest of the body is also showing effects other than cancers.
Cell phone radiation exposure on brain and associated biological systems. Indian review cites long-term negative effects of cell phone and microwave usage. This review concludes that the regular and long term use of microwave devices (mobile phone, microwave oven) at domestic level can have negative impact upon biological systems, especially on brain. It also suggests that increased reactive oxygen species play an important role by enhancing the effect of microwave radiations which may cause neurodegenerative diseases. PMID: 23678539.
Brain proteome response following whole body exposure of mice to mobile phone or wireless DECT base radiation. A Greek study has found that important regions of the brain necessary for learning, memory and other functions of the mammalian brain were impacted by microwave radiation, including the hippocampus, cerebellum and frontal lobe, at exposures below the ICNIRP (International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection) safety guidelines. A total of 143 proteins in the brain were impacted by the RF radiation over a period of 8 months, providing new evidence for a potential relationship between everyday cell phone use, wireless transmitters and wireless computer equipment and electrosensitivity symptoms, such as headaches, dizziness and sleep disorders, as well as with tumors, Alzheimer’s and even metabolic effects. The study simulated 3 hours of cell phone exposure over eight months, 8 hours of DECT portable phone exposure over eight months, and included a sham exposure control group. The results showed both down regulation and up regulation of the proteins.
High-frequency hearing loss among mobile phone users. Chronic mobile phone usage revealed high frequency hearing loss in the dominant ear (mobile phone used) compared to the non dominant ear.
Today’s public exposure limits for telecommunications are based on the presumption that heating of tissue is the only concern when living organisms are exposed to EM radiation. In the last few decades, it has been established that bioeffects occur at non-thermal or low-intensity exposure levels thousands of times below the levels that state agencies say should keep the public safe. As reviewed in (Genuis, 2008), there are several hundred studies that support the existence of low-intensity, non-thermal effects of the MP radiation on biological systems. The consequences are mostly adverse: DNA single-and double-strand damage, changes in gene transcription, changes in protein folding, heat shock protein generation, production of free radicals, and effects on the immune system. In addition to mobile phones, new communicating systems are in use and developments of higher frequency applications are to come.
The Radiation Poisoning of America. Prior to 1996, the wireless age was not coming online fast enough, primarily because communities had the authority to block the siting of cell towers. But the Federal Communications Act of 1996 made it nearly impossible for communities to stop construction of cell towers even if they pose threats to public health and the environment. Since the decision to enter the age of wireless convenience was politically determined for us, we have forgotten well-documented safety and environmental concerns and, with a devil-may-care zeal that is lethally short-sighted, we have incorporated into our lives every wireless toy that comes on the market. We behave as if we are addicted to radiation. Our addiction to cell phones has led to harder "drugs" like wireless Internet. And now we are bathing in the radiation that our wireless enthusiasm has unleashed. Those who are addicted, uninformed, corporately biased and politically-influenced may dismiss our scientifically-sound concerns about the apocalyptic hazards of wireless radiation.
Electro-magnetic Energy Pollution. In traditional medicine, the human energy system (HES) serves as a functional bridge between body and mind, and energy is the therapeutic medium that heal and balances both physical disease and mental malaise. Today, the HES has come under intensive attack from an entirely new phenomenon which the human system has never before had to face. This new threat to human health and longevity is the rapidly growing hazard of electromagnetic “energy pollution.”
The effect of chronic exposure to extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields on sleep quality, stress, depression and anxiety. This study suggests that long-term occupational exposure to ELF-EMF may lead to depression, stress, anxiety and poor sleep quality.
Mobile Phone Base Station Tower Settings Adjacent to School Buildings: Impact on Students' Cognitive Health. High exposure to RF-EMF produced by mobile phone base station towers was associated with delayed fine and gross motor skills, spatial working memory, and attention in school adolescents compared to students who were exposed to low RF-EMF.
Case-control study on occupational exposure to extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields and glioma risk. Exposure to extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields (ELF-EMF) was in 2002 classified as a possible human carcinogen, Group 2B, by the International Agency for Research on Cancer at WHO. An increased risk in late stage (promotion/progression) of astrocytoma grade IV for occupational ELF-EMF exposure was found.
Human disease resulting from exposure to electromagnetic fields. This review summarizes the evidence stating that excessive exposure to magnetic fields from power lines and other sources of electric current increases the risk of development of some cancers and neurodegenerative diseases, and that excessive exposure to RF radiation increases risk of cancer, male infertility, and neurobehavioral abnormalities.
Dirty electricity, chronic stress, neurotransmitters and disease. Dirty electricity, also called electrical pollution, is high-frequency voltage transients riding along the 50 or 60 Hz electricity provided by the electric utilities.It has been associated with cancer, diabetes and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in humans. Epidemiological evidence also links dirty electricity to most of the diseases of civilization including cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes and suicide, beginning at the turn of the twentieth century.
Effect of Electromagnetic Radiations on Neurodegenerative Diseases - Technological Revolution as a Curse in Disguise. Electromagnetic non-ionizing radiations pose considerable health threat with prolonged exposure. Mobile phones are usually held near to the brain and manifest progressive structural or functional alterations in neurons leading to neurodegenerative diseases and neuronal death. This has provoked awareness among both the general public and scientific community and international bodies acknowledge that further systematic research is needed. The aim of the present review was to have an insight in whether and how cumulative electro-magnetic field exposure is a risk factor for neurodegenerative disorders.
In-depth information on the dangers of electromagnetic fields:
Included on the these websites are numerous research results such as Autism may be Linked to Electromagnetic Radiation Levels In Mother's Bedroom During Pregnancy, EPA's Efforts to Issue Exposure Guidelines for Radiofrequency Radiation Suppressed for Years, Compact Fluorescent Bulbs Promoted for Energy Efficiency Emit Hazardous Radiofrequency Radiation, Pregnant Women Who Use Cell Phone 2-3x Day Associated With Increased Behavioral Problems in Offspring, and expressions of concern from scientists, physicians, health policy experts and others.
Contrast agents used for MRI induce DNA damage and immune cell death. Gadolinium (Gd) and its chelated derivatives are widely utilized for various industrial and medical purposes, particularly as a contrast agent for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). There are many studies of Gd nephrotoxicity and neurotoxicity. These results suggest that Gd induces DNA damage and apoptotic cell death in human lymphocytes and that ELF-EMF enhances the cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of Gd.
Scientific Panel on Electromagnetic Field Health Risks: Consensus Points, Recommendations, and Rationales. Summary: In November, 2009, a scientific panel met in Seletun, Norway, for three days of intensive discussion on existing scientific evidence and public health implications of the unprecedented global exposures to artificial electromagnetic fields (EMF). EMF exposures (static to 300 GHz) result from the use of electric power and from wireless telecommunications technologies for voice and data transmission, energy, security, military and radar use in weather and transportation. The Scientific Panel recognizes that the body of evidence on EMF requires a new approach to protection of public health; the growth and development of the fetus, and of children; and argues for strong preventative actions. New, biologically-based public exposure standards are urgently needed to protect public health worldwide.
European Leaders Call for Ban of Cell Phones and WiFi in Schools. A Council of Europe committee examined evidence that the cell phones and wireless internet connections have "potentially harmful" effects on humans, and decided that immediate action was required to protect children. They ruled that the technologies pose a health risk and should be banned from schools.
Content of this Interview:
Mobile phone and cordless phone use and the risk for glioma – Analysis of pooled case-control studies in Sweden, 1997–2003 and 2007–2009. There is conclusive evidence that average cell phone usage for more than one year can increase brain cancer risk by thirty-percent or by three hundred-percent after twenty five years, and these dangers are much more pronounced for anyone under the age of 19 (because of thinner skulls and increased brain conductivity).
Heavy mobile usage may cause cancer of salivary glands: Study. Several organizations and experts have warned about the harmful effects radiations can have on the health of human beings. While acknowledging that wireless phones can cause cancer in brain and auditory canal, salivary glands have been overlooked by most researchers. Study by a city-based researcher, however, has shown that prolonged mobile phone use can be potential indicator of cancer of the parotid glands.
Cell Phone Radiation Damages Sperm, Studies Show. In a comprehensive review of the published scientific literature, the Environmental Working Group found 10 human studies that have identified a startling variety of changes in sperm exposed to cell phone radiation. In the most striking findings, men who carried their phones in a pocket or on the belt were more likely to have lower sperm counts and/or more inactive or less mobile sperm. These findings accord with similar results in laboratory animals.
Mobile Phone Towers: Are They Threatening Your Health? "Contrary to WHO claims that this technology— from wireless signal towers to cell phones themselves—is safe, there is extensive scientific, epidemiological and medical evidence from around the world that suggests that long-term exposure to electromagnetic microwave radiation emitted from base stations and towers has significant and even severe adverse effects on our health." Valerie Malka, MD. Quantum Health, Issue 17, May/June 2012.