Yoga for Osteoarthritis: Nursing and Research Considerations.

Author: Taibi DM, Vitiello MV.
Conference/Journal: J Gerontol Nurs.
Date published: 2012 Jun 15
Other: Special Notes: doi: 10.3928/00989134-20120608-04. [Epub ahead of print] , Word Count: 141

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a leading cause of pain and disability worldwide. Current treatment guidelines recommend nonpharmacological approaches such as yoga for firstline treatment of OA. Yoga is a promising mind-body practice that includes physical postures, breathing practices, and meditative mental focus. This article presents the current evidence, as well as a proposed conceptual model for future research. Current research on yoga for OA is scant but promising, showing some evidence of reduced pain, sleep disturbance, and disability. The conceptual model described here proposes musculoskeletal effects (strengthening, flexibility, relaxation), reduction of autonomic arousal, and therapeutic cognitive patterns (distraction, mindfulness) as potentially important mechanisms of yoga. This article also describes considerations for patients and health care providers when evaluating the potential usefulness and safety of yoga programs: yoga style, instructor qualifications, and amount of time spent in yoga practice.
Copyright 2012, SLACK Incorporated.
PMID: 22715961