12-month Tai Chi training in the elderly: its effect on health fitness

Author: Lan C//Lai JS//Chen SY//Wong MK
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei
Conference/Journal: Med Sci Sports Exerc
Date published: 1998
Other: Volume ID: 30 , Issue ID: 3 , Pages: 345-51 , Word Count: 203

PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of Tai Chi Chuan (TCC) on health fitness in older individuals. Methods: Thirty-eight community-dwelling persons aged 58 to 70 yr completed this study. The TCC group included 9 men and 11 women; the control group included 9 men and 9 women. The TCC group practiced TCC for 11.2±1.4 months, with the attendance of 4.6±1.3 times x wk(-1). Each session included 20 min of warm-up, 24 min of TCC practice, and 10 min of cooldown. The exercise intensity was 52-63% of the heart rate range. Cardiorespiratory function, strength, flexibility, and percent of body fat were evaluated before and at the end of this study. RESULTS: The male TCC group showed 16.1% increase in VO2max (P < 0.01), 11 degrees increase in thoracic/lumbar flexibility (P < 0.05), 18.1% increase in muscle strength of knee extensor (P < 0.01), and 15.4% increase of knee flexor (P < 0.05). The female TCC group showed 21.3% increase in VO2max (P < 0.01), 8.8 degrees increase in flexibility (P < 0.05), 20.3% increase in muscle strength of knee extensor (P < 0.05), and 15.9% increase of knee flexor (P < 0.05). The control group showed no significant change in these variables. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that a 12-month Tai Chi Chuan program is effective for improving health fitness of the elderly.