Author: Du Chusheng//Qin Chao//Yang Shengling//Wei Baolin////
Affiliation: Qigong and Biofeedback Section, Dept of Physiology, Xi’an Medical University, Xi’an, China 
Conference/Journal: 2nd Int Conf on Qigong
Date published: 1989
Other: Pages: 186 , Word Count: 677
Some research showed that the occurrence, favorable turn, recurrence and curative effect of the psychosomatic disease were obviously affected by individuality. But, what is a correlation between individuality and Qigong-Biofeedback curative effect has not been reported. We have initially investigated and analyzed the correlation of individuality with some psychosomatic diseases in this paper.
All 52 patients were out-ones. There were 36 males (69.2X) and 16 females (30.8X) whose ages ranged from 19 to 58, mean 35.3 years old. The diseases included 14 cases with various headache, 14 anxiety, 12 neurasthenia, 4 hysteria, 2 gastroenteroneuritis, 2 depression, 2 bronchial asthma and 2 epilepsy. Individuality determination: we adopted Eysenck personality question naire (EPQ) revised by Chen Zhonggeng. EPQ include four tables which are P. 2, N and L. P. E, N and L represents respectively psychoticism, extroversion-introversion, neuroticism and one's social tendency covered up by oneself. The patients quietly lay in bed when them were treated with model JD-I electromusculation biofeedback apparatus. After coordinating patient's breath and muscular relaxation training, making the manipulations of patients followed in the feet of the tape recording which is a standard Qigong relaxation training program guide. Two feedback way of voice and light were adopted. We recorded the electromusclation volume of pre-treatment and post. Each treatment time lasted 30 minutes. Each course consisted of 6 times. The most of patients lasted 2-4 courses in therapeutic time.
Result: Curative effect was evaluated according to the method of the five scale score. Among the 52 cases, 10 cases in the main; 6 cases(11.5%) were on the mend; 10 cases(l9.2%) were efficacious; 6 cases(11.5X) were of no avail. The total effective rate of the therapy was 88.5X. The total mean mark( SD) of each statistical table was counted by the EPQ score method. The mean mark of p table was 6.73i1.11 (mark); B: 4,96*1.96; N.: 16.19i4.93; L: 13.88+3.97. The correlative coefficient ( ) of' P. E, N and L table value with the treatment effect was respectively -0.29, -0.47 (p< 0.02), -0.19 and 0.01. The patient's individuality compared with the different type of the diseases. E and N tables of the three psychosomatic diseases which are the vascular and tension headache, anxiety, and neurasthenia were analyzed by X2 (chi squared) test between both groups. (1) the difference of E and N tables between the headache and anxiety group was not statistically significant (p>0.25, p<O.05). But, the proportion of the people's number with the several diseases was different. The number of the introvert people with headache was predominant. The number of the introvert people with anxiety was close to one of the extrovert. The more persons with headache were instability of mood. All patients with anxiety were of instability mood. (2). In E and N tables, the difference between anxiety and neurasthenia was statistically not obvious significant too (p>0.05, P>O.1). The patients with the introversion and instability mood were more in the both groups. (3). In E table, the difference between headache and neurasthenia group was statistically very significant (p<0.0253. The difference about N table was not significant (p>0.05) in both groups, but, the X2 value (3.23) was close to the threshold (3.84).
Using the Qigong-biofeedback therapy was better than the simple relaxation training or electromusculation biofeedback. This therapy has showed the better composite effect in the treatment of psychosomatic disease. There was a fixed correlation between the individuality and curative effect of patients. The correlative coefficient between each of the three (P, E and N) tables and the curative effect was all negative. z was the most notable. The results showed that the introvert patients who were quiet, introspective, conservative, steady and sure, and regular living could get the better curative affect. The results suggested that the determination of individuality is of certain clinic significance- in examining transformation and recovery of the psychosomatic disease and calculating curative effect of the psychosomatic therapy. The results still suggested that patients with no steady mood were easiest suffered from anxiety, headache taken second place. The noticeable difference between the headache and neurasthenia group indicated that the lower B mark is, the easier neurasthenia suffered from is. But, in N table, the lower N mark is, the easier neurasthenia suffered from is.