Mindful Breathing as an Adjunctive Approach to Chronic Low Back Pain Management: A Scoping Review

Author: Roberto Tedeschi1
1 Department of Biomedical and Neuromotor Sciences, Alma Mater Studiorum, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy. Electronic address: roberto.tedeschi2@unibo.it.
Conference/Journal: Pain Manag Nurs
Date published: 2024 Apr 30
Other: Pages: S1524-9042(24)00152-8 , Special Notes: doi: 10.1016/j.pmn.2024.04.011. , Word Count: 183

Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is a common and challenging condition. This scoping review explores the literature on mindful breathing's role in managing CLBP, either alone or alongside physiotherapy.

A thorough database search identified studies on mindful breathing and CLBP. Various study designs, from descriptive to randomized controlled trials, were included.

Reviewed studies suggest that mindful breathing can improve body awareness and patients with CLBP. In a randomized controlled trial both mindful breathing and physiotherapy groups reported significant pain reduction (VAS: -2.7 mindful breathing, VAS: -2.4 physiotherapy) and improved quality of life (SF-36*: +14.9 mindful breathing, SF-36: +21.0 physiotherapy). Yu et al. found that combining mindful breathing with core stability exercises yielded superior outcomes (ORR* = 96.67%) compared to core exercises alone (ORR = 73.33%).

Mindful breathing holds promise for chronic low back pain management, with studies revealing pain reduction and improved quality of life. Combining it with core stability exercises enhances outcomes. However, standardized protocols are lacking, limiting clinical use. Future research should focus on precise guidelines for integration into practice. Mindful breathing offers a holistic approach to pain management.

PMID: 38692953 DOI: 10.1016/j.pmn.2024.04.011