Effects of Tai Chi in diabetes patients: Insights from recent research

Author: Hidetaka Hamasaki1
1 Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Internal Medicine, Hamasaki Clinic, Kagoshima 890-0046, Japan. hhamasaki78@gmail.com.
Conference/Journal: World J Diabetes
Date published: 2024 Jan 15
Other: Volume ID: 15 , Issue ID: 1 , Pages: 1-10 , Special Notes: doi: 10.4239/wjd.v15.i1.1. , Word Count: 206

Tai Chi, a practice that combines elements of both exercise and mindfulness, offers a wide range of health benefits. The body of evidence concerning the impact of Tai Chi on diabetes has recently been growing. This editorial aims to provide a concise summary of the current state of evidence for Tai Chi's effects on individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D). The review includes 3 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and 5 systematic reviews and meta-analyses, all of which investigate the effectiveness of Tai Chi on various health outcomes in individuals with T2D. Tai Chi demonstrates a significant effect to enhance glycemic control, lower blood pressure, improve serum lipid profiles, reduce insulin resistance, positively influence obesity-related indices, and improve overall quality of life in individuals with T2D. However, it is noteworthy that recent RCTs have reported inconsistent findings regarding the effects of Tai Chi on glycemic control and insulin resistance. The author also delves into potential mechanisms by which Tai Chi may exert its influence on the human body. Finally, the editorial highlights the critical issues that warrant further exploration in the future.

Keywords: Chinese traditional exercise; Exercise; Mind-body exercise; Randomized controlled trial; Systematic review and meta-analysis; Tai Chi; Type 2 diabetes.

PMID: 38313854 PMCID: PMC10835502 DOI: 10.4239/wjd.v15.i1.1