The misjudgment of interoceptive awareness: Systematic overrating of interoceptive awareness among individuals with lower interoceptive metacognitive skills

Author: Christian Rominger1, Andreas R Schwerdtfeger2
1 University of Graz, Austria. Electronic address:
2 University of Graz, Austria.
Conference/Journal: Conscious Cogn
Date published: 2023 Dec 18
Other: Volume ID: 117 , Pages: 103621 , Special Notes: doi: 10.1016/j.concog.2023.103621. , Word Count: 152

Knowing when perceiving inner bodily signals better and when perceiving them worse is a health relevant but understudied dimension of interoception. Therefore, the present study assessed interoceptive metacognition (IMC) as the skill to adequately monitor interoceptive accuracy in the cardiac domain. We used the Graz Ambulatory Interoception task (GRAIT), which applied two intervals of the heartbeat tracking task 12 times a day for 3 days in total to n = 66 participants. We assessed IMC as the relative correspondence between interoceptive accuracy and the subjective confidence ratings. We found that 6 % of the total IMC variance was due to person, which was assessed reliable (RKRn=0.81). Furthermore, the between-person variation of IMC was negatively associated with the MAIA (especially attention regulation and self-regulation). People who believe that they are aware of their interoceptive experiences (MAIA) showed lower IMC. This study advocates the assessment of interoception in everyday life.

Keywords: Cardiovascular Psychophysiology; EMA; Interoception; Metacognition.

PMID: 38113709 DOI: 10.1016/j.concog.2023.103621