Author: Pleguezuelos E, Pérez ME, Guirao L, Samitier B, Costea M, Ortega P, González MV, Del Carmen VA, Ovejero L, Moreno E, Miravitlles M.
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Department, Mataró Hospital, Mataró, Spain; Department of Experimental Science and Healthcare, Faculty of Health Sciences, University Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain; Faculty of Health Sciences Blanquerna, University Ramón LLull, Barcelona, Spain.
Date published: 2013 May 21
Other: Special Notes: doi: 10.1111/resp.12122. , Word Count: 245
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:
To determine if whole body vibration training (WBVT) improves muscular force and modifies functional capacity parameters in patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
We performed a randomised controlled trial in the out-patient Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Department of a general hospital. Sixty stable male patients with COPD and mean FEV1 34.3% (predicted) were enrolled with 51 patients completing the study. Participants were randomised into two groups: Whole Body Vibration Training Group (WBVTG), (n=26) undergoing 3 sessions per week for a total of 6 weeks and a Control Group (CG) (n=25) without intervention. The main outcome measures were isokinetic knee flexor and extensor testing in a concentric-concentric regime and exercise capacity measured by the 6-minute walking test (6MWT). Secondary outcomes were pulmonary muscular assessment with maximum inspiratory pressure (MIP) and maximum expiratory pressure (MEP).
No significant differences were observed between groups in maximum moment of isokinetic knee flexor/extensor testing force in a concentric-concentric regime. In contrast, WBVTG patients showed a significant increase in the 6MWT (81.2±9.2) meters; mean±SD; p <0.001). There was also a significant decrease in maximum oxygen desaturation in the 6MWT after 6 weeks of training (3.1±1.1; p=0.01). There were significant differences between groups in MIP and MEP at the end of the study in favour of the WBVTG.
WBVT provided significant improvements in functional capacity in severe COPD patients without changes in muscular force.
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PMID: 23692550 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]