Effects of taichi on grade 1 hypertension: A study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

Author: Lee SH1, Kim BJ2, Park IH1, Hwang EH1,3, Park EJ4, Jang I5, Hwang MS6,7
Author Information:
1Department of Rehabilitation Medicine of Korean Medicine, Spine and Joint Center, Pusan National University Korean Medicine Hospital, 20, Geumo-ro, Mulgeum-eup, Yangsan-si, Gyeongnam, 50612, Republic of Korea.
2School of Korean Medicine, Pusan National University, Yangsan, Republic of Korea.
3Division of Clinical Medicine, School of Korean Medicine, Pusan National University, Yangsan, Republic of Korea.
4Family Medicine Clinic, Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital, Yangsan, Republic of Korea.
5Department of Internal Medicine, College of Korean Medicine, Woosuk University, 443, Samnye-ro, Samynye-eup, Wanju-Gun, Jeonbuk, Republic of Korea. mackayj@naver.com.
6Department of Rehabilitation Medicine of Korean Medicine, Spine and Joint Center, Pusan National University Korean Medicine Hospital, 20, Geumo-ro, Mulgeum-eup, Yangsan-si, Gyeongnam, 50612, Republic of Korea. hwangmansuk@pusan.ac.kr.
7Division of Clinical Medicine, School of Korean Medicine, Pusan National University, Yangsan, Republic of Korea. hwangmansuk@pusan.ac.kr.
Conference/Journal: Trials.
Date published: 2020 Feb 13
Other: Volume ID: 21 , Issue ID: 1 , Pages: 177 , Special Notes: doi: 10.1186/s13063-019-4028-6. , Word Count: 265


BACKGROUND: Medication is generally recommended to reduce the morbidity and mortality caused by cardiovascular disease in hypertensive patients. However, considering the difficulties and economic factors associated with long-term medication, interest in taichi as an exercise treatment method has increased recently in Korean medical practice. Numerous studies have suggested that taichi can be used to treat various diseases and that is can affect psychosomatic factors such as anxiety. This study aims to evaluate the effect of taichi in reducing blood pressure among grade 1 hypertensive patients.

METHODS/DESIGN: In this randomized, active-controlled, assessor-blinded, two parallel-armed trial, 80 grade 1 hypertension patients will be recruited and randomly assigned to the usual care group or to the taichi group (n = 40 in each group). Subjects who voluntarily sign a study agreement will be educated in managing their own blood pressure by restricting salt intake, losing weight, moderating alcohol consumption, performing exercise, and regulating dietary intake at their first visit. In addition to self-management, the taichi group will perform two 60-min taichi sessions per week for a total of 8 weeks. Blood pressure will be measured as the primary outcome. In addition, body composition, heart rate, and the perceived intensity and difficulty of the exercise will be measured as secondary outcomes.

DISCUSSION: This study is a randomized controlled trial of taichi, which is not widely practiced in Korea. It may provide valuable data on the effects of taichi on hypertension, which will inform non-pharmaceutical treatment options for this disorder.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical Research Information Service, KCT0003632. Registered on 18 March 2019.

KEYWORDS: Blood pressure; Hypertension; Martial arts; Taichi; Taichichuan; Taijiquan

PMID: 32054537 DOI: 10.1186/s13063-019-4028-6

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