Exercise Training Modalities for People with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.

Author: Nolan CM1,2, Rochester CL3,4
1Harefield Respiratory Research Unit, Royal Brompton and Harefield NHS Foundation Trust, UK.
2Harefield Pulmonary Rehabilitation Unit, Royal Brompton and Harefield NHS Foundation Trust, UK.
3Section of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA.
4VA Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, CT, USA.
Conference/Journal: COPD.
Date published: 2019 Nov 4
Other: Volume ID: 1-12 , Special Notes: doi: 10.1080/15412555.2019.1637834. [Epub ahead of print] , Word Count: 122

Exercise training confers health benefits for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This article reviews the evidence for several exercise training modalities shown to be beneficial among individuals with COPD. These modalities include aerobic, resistance, nonlinear periodized, upper limb and balance training, as well as yoga, Tai Chi, inspiratory muscle training, whole body vibration training and neuromuscular electrical stimulation. The literature pertaining to each modality was critically reviewed, and information on the rationale, mechanism(s) of action (where known), benefits, and exercise prescription is described to facilitate easy implementation into clinical practice.

KEYWORDS: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; aerobic training; balance; continuous endurance training; exercise; exercise prescription; inspiratory muscle training; interval training; neuromuscular electrical stimulation; resistance training; tai chi; yoga

PMID: 31684769 DOI: 10.1080/15412555.2019.1637834