The nature of feelings: evolutionary and neurobiological origins.

Author: Damasio A1, Carvalho GB
Author Information:
1Brain and Creativity Institute, University of Southern California, 3620 A McClintock Avenue, Suite 265, Los Angeles, California 90089-2921, USA. damasio@usc.edu
Conference/Journal: Nat Rev Neurosci.
Date published: 2013 Feb
Other: Volume ID: 14 , Issue ID: 2 , Pages: 143-52 , Special Notes: doi: 10.1038/nrn3403. , Word Count: 83


Feelings are mental experiences of body states. They signify physiological need (for example, hunger), tissue injury (for example, pain), optimal function (for example, well-being), threats to the organism (for example, fear or anger) or specific social interactions (for example, compassion, gratitude or love). Feelings constitute a crucial component of the mechanisms of life regulation, from simple to complex. Their neural substrates can be found at all levels of the nervous system, from individual neurons to subcortical nuclei and cortical regions.

PMID: 23329161 DOI: 10.1038/nrn3403

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