[Music therapy as a non-pharmacological treatment in Alzheimer's disease. A systematic review].

Author: Garcia-Casares N1,2, Moreno-Leiva RM1, Garcia-Arnes JA1
1Universidad de Malaga. Facultad de Medicina, 29071 Malaga, Espana.
2Instituto de Investigacion Biomedica de Malaga. IBIMA, Malaga, Espana.
Conference/Journal: Rev Neurol.
Date published: 2017 Dec 16
Other: Volume ID: 65 , Issue ID: 12 , Pages: 529-538 , Special Notes: [Article in Spanish; Abstract available in Spanish from the publisher] , Word Count: 202

INTRODUCTION: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disease which involves, among other manifestations, a progressive deterioration of memory and language, as well as behavioral disorders. In addition to non-curative pharmacological therapies, for the last years, music therapy has been developed as an effective non-pharmacological therapy in order to relieve many of these manifestations.

AIM: To analyze the recent scientific evidence about the effect of music therapy on cognitive and behavioral symptoms in patients with AD.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: A systematic review has been carried out by means of a bibliographical research using the database PubMed and Science Direct. The key words used for this search were 'Alzheimer's disease' and 'music therapy', as well as the boolean operator 'AND'. We selected those publications between January 2006 and December 2016 and after inclusion criteria, 21 publications were selected.

RESULTS: This systematic review has demonstrated the beneficial impact of music therapy on cognition (memory, attention, language), emotion and behavior (anxiety, depression and agitation) in AD patients.

CONCLUSIONS: Music therapy constitutes a non-pharmacological therapy effective for some cognitive, emotional and behavioral symptoms in patients with AD. However, further investigations and more evidence in this field are needed to claim conclusively the impact of music therapy on this disease.

PMID: 29235615