Author: Mehling WE1,2, Chesney MA1,2, Metzler TJ1,2, Goldstein LA1,2, Maguen S1,2, Geronimo C2, Agcaoili G2, Barnes DE1,2, Hlavin JA2, Neylan TC1,2
1University of California, San Francisco, USA.
2San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center.
Conference/Journal: J Clin Psychol.
Date published: 2017 Oct 27
Other: Special Notes: doi: 10.1002/jclp.22549. [Epub ahead of print] , Word Count: 164
OBJECTIVE: Innovative approaches to the treatment of war-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are needed. We report on secondary psychological outcomes of a randomized controlled trial of integrative exercise (IE) using aerobic and resistance exercise with mindfulness-based principles and yoga. We expected-in parallel to observed improvements in PTSD intensity and quality of life-improvements in mindfulness, interoceptive bodily awareness, and positive states of mind.
METHOD: A total of 47 war veterans with PTSD were randomized to 12-week IE versus waitlist. Changes in mindfulness, interoceptive awareness, and states of mind were assessed by self-report standard measures.
RESULTS: Large effect sizes for the intervention were observed on Five-Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire Non-Reactivity (d = .85), Multidimensional Assessment of Interoceptive Awareness Body Listening (d = .80), and Self-Regulation (d = 1.05).
CONCLUSION: In a randomized controlled trial of a 12-week IE program for war veterans with PTSD, we saw significant improvements in mindfulness, interoceptive bodily awareness, and positive states of mind compared to a waitlist.
© 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
KEYWORDS: PTSD; exercise; interoception; mindfulness; veterans
PMID: 29076530 DOI: 10.1002/jclp.22549