The Use of Music Playlists for People with Dementia: A Critical Synthesis.

Author: Garrido S1, Dunne L1, Chang E2, Perz J2, Stevens CJ1, Haertsch M3
1MARCS Institute for Brain, Behaviour and Development Western Sydney University, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
2Western Sydney University, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
3Arts Health Institute, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
Conference/Journal: J Alzheimers Dis.
Date published: 2017
Other: Volume ID: 60 , Issue ID: 3 , Pages: 1129-1142 , Special Notes: doi: 10.3233/JAD-170612. , Word Count: 136

The use of pre-recorded music to ease behavioral and psychological symptoms associated with dementia is popular in health-care contexts in both formal music therapy settings and in non-therapist led interventions. However, further understanding of how non-therapist led interventions compare to therapist led interventions is needed. This paper reviews 28 studies that used pre-recorded music with people with dementia using a critical interpretive synthesis model. Results revealed that pre-recorded music can be effective in reducing a variety of affective and behavioral symptoms, in particular agitation, even where a trained music therapist is not present. However, the results are not universally positive, suggesting the need for further clarification of protocols for music use and closer investigation of variables that influence individual responseto music.

KEYWORDS: Alzheimer’s disease; critical synthesis; dementia; music; music interventions; music therapy; review

PMID: 28984606 DOI: 10.3233/JAD-170612