Meditation's impact on default mode network & hippocampus in mild cognitive impairment: a pilot study.

Author: Wells RE, Yeh GY, Kerr C, Wolkin J, Davis RB, Tan Y, Spaeth R, Wall R, Walsh J, Kaptchuk T, Press D, Phillips RS, Kong J.
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC), Harvard Medical School, 330 Brookline Ave, Boston, MA 02215, USA. Electronic address:
Conference/Journal: Neurosci Lett.
Date published: 2013 Oct 10
Other: Pages: S0304-3940(13)00902-6 , Special Notes: doi: 10.1016/j.neulet.2013.10.001 , Word Count: 219

Those with high baseline stress levels are more likely to develop mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's Disease (AD). While meditation may reduce stress and alter the hippocampus and default mode network (DMN), little is known about its impact in these populations. Our objective was to conduct a "proof of concept" trial to determine whether Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) would improve DMN connectivity and reduce hippocampal atrophy among adults with MCI. 14 adults with MCI were randomized to MBSR vs. usual care and underwent resting state fMRI at baseline and follow-up. Seed based functional connectivity was applied using posterior cingulate cortex as seed. Brain morphometry analyses were performed using FreeSurfer. The results showed that after the intervention, MBSR participants had increased functional connectivity between the posterior cingulate cortex and bilateral medial prefrontal cortex and left hippocampus compared to controls. In addition, MBSR participants had trends of less bilateral hippocampal volume atrophy than control participants. These preliminary results indicate that in adults with MCI, MBSR may have a positive impact on the regions of the brain most related to MCI and AD. Further research with larger sample sizes and longer-follow-up are needed to further investigate the results from this pilot study.
Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
Alzheimer's Disease, Default Mode Network, Hippocampus, Meditation, Mild Cognitive Impairment, fMRI

PMID: 24120430