Mindfulness to improve the mental health of university students. A systematic review and meta-analysis

Author: Ana María González-Martín1,2, Agustín Aibar-Almazán3, Yulieth Rivas-Campo4, Yolanda Castellote-Caballero3, María Del Carmen Carcelén-Fraile1
Affiliation: <sup>1</sup> Department of Education and Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Atlántico Medio, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain. <sup>2</sup> Department of Psychology, Higher Education Center for Teaching and Educational Research, Madrid, Spain. <sup>3</sup> Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Jaén, Jaén, Spain. <sup>4</sup> Faculty of Human and Social Sciences, University of San Buenaventura-Cali, Santiago de Cali, Colombia.
Conference/Journal: Front Public Health
Date published: 2023 Dec 4
Other: Volume ID: 11 , Pages: 1284632 , Special Notes: doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2023.1284632. , Word Count: 139

This systematic review and meta-analysis was to analyze the effects of a mindfulness program on mental health in university students.

A systematic review was conducted using the databases Pubmed, Scopus, Web of Science and CINAHL. The selected studies had to incorporate a mindfulness intervention in university students. The methodological quality of the collected articles was evaluated using the PEDro scale.

We initially identified 321 studies, of which 21 were included in this review. The interventions focused on mindfulness with durations ranging from 8 weeks to 3 months. The results demonstrated significant effects of a mindfulness intervention on mental health in university students.

This systematic review and meta-analysis found that mindfulness is effective for improving the mental health of college students.

Systematic review registration:
identifier: CRD42023441453.

Keywords: mental health; meta-analysis; mindfulness; systematic review; university students.

PMID: 38111480 PMCID: PMC10726040 DOI: 10.3389/fpubh.2023.1284632