The effects of qigong intervention based on the Internet on quality of life and physical fitness in Chinese postoperative breast cancer patients: a protocol of randomized controlled trial

Author: Chengxiang Li#1, Xiaosheng Dong#2, Lina Yu1, Kai Yuan3, Xiangren Yi2, Yuanlong Shen1, Hu Niu4
Affiliation: <sup>1</sup> College of Physical Education, Shandong Normal University, Jinan, 250014, China. <sup>2</sup> College of Physical Education, Shandong University, Jinan, 250011, China. <sup>3</sup> The First Affiliated Hospital of Shandong First Medical University, Jinan, 250011, China. <sup>4</sup> Department of Breast and Thyroid Surgery, Jinan Central Hospital Affiliated to Shandong First Medical University, Jinan, China.
Conference/Journal: Trials
Date published: 2023 Mar 13
Other: Volume ID: 24 , Issue ID: 1 , Pages: 186 , Special Notes: doi: 10.1186/s13063-023-07187-2. , Word Count: 265

The purpose of this study is to verify the improvement of remote qigong intervention on the quality of life and physical fitness of breast cancer patients after surgery by means of a randomized controlled trial and to compare it with the conventional exercise combination of aerobic exercise and resistance training.

The research approach applied in this study is a randomized controlled trial. After completing the baseline questionnaire and physical fitness test, participants were randomly assigned to either the qigong group or the combined exercise rehabilitation group. Patients in the qigong group performed Qigong-Baduanjin twice a week for 30 min each time under remote guidance and practiced Baduanjin by themselves at other times. Patients in the combined exercise rehabilitation group were given resistance training twice a week for 30 min under remote guidance, and walking the rest of the time. At the end of the 12-week intervention, outcomes testing and data collection were carried out. The primary outcomes are quality of life, measured using the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36), and the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Breast (FATC-B). The secondary outcomes include cardiopulmonary endurance, upper limb strength, lower limb strength, and skinfold thickness.

The importance of postoperative exercise rehabilitation for breast cancer has been gradually accepted by more and more doctors and patients, but further research and development of simple and practical means of exercise rehabilitation are necessary. Remote qigong intervention for breast cancer patients via the Internet will be a great alternative.

Trial registration:
Chinese Clinical Trial Registry ChiCTR1900027989. Registered on December 7, 2019.

PMID: 36915187 PMCID: PMC10010003 DOI: 10.1186/s13063-023-07187-2