Towards a comprehensive assessment of interoception in a multi-dimensional framework

Author: Chatrin Suksasilp1, Sarah N Garfinkel2
Affiliation: <sup>1</sup> Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, UCL. <sup>2</sup> Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, UCL. Electronic address:
Conference/Journal: Biol Psychol
Date published: 2022 Jan 10
Other: Special Notes: doi: 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2022.108262. , Word Count: 162

Interoception has historically been assessed using behavioural tests of accuracy, self-report measures or through the characterisation of neural signals underlying interoceptive processing. More recent conceptualisations of interoception incorporate interoceptive attention and higher-order measures related to the interpretation of interoceptive signals. At present, these interoceptive dimensions are largely assessed in isolation, yet this fails to capture the complexity of interoception. Comprehensive assessment across interoceptive dimensions can determine the full operation of general interoceptive function. Current work suggests that these interoceptive processes may be dissociable across dimensions and bodily axes, with differential mapping to cognitive and emotion processing. To characterise differences in interoceptive profiles, all interoceptive dimensions can be assessed within individuals, both within a single bodily axis (e.g., cardiac) or across bodily axes. Future work can better delineate how these interoceptive measures correspond to different types of processing. Comprehensive interoceptive assessment can help isolate selective interoceptive disruptions in different clinical conditions.

Keywords: Interoceptive accuracy; affect; brain-body; emotion; sensitivity.

PMID: 35026353 DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2022.108262