Whole-body vibration exercise in postmenopausal osteoporosis.

Author: Weber-Rajek M1, Mieszkowski J2, Niespodziński B2, Ciechanowska K1.
Affiliation: 1Department of Laser Therapy and Physiotherapy, Ludwik Rydygier Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun, Poland. 2Institute of Physical Culture, Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, Poland.
Conference/Journal: Prz Menopauzalny.
Date published: 2015 Mar
Other: Volume ID: 14 , Issue ID: 1 , Pages: 41-7 , Special Notes: doi: 10.5114/pm.2015.48679 , Word Count: 212

The report of the World Health Organization (WHO) of 2008 defines osteoporosis as a disease characterized by low bone mass and an increased risk of fracture. Postmenopausal osteoporosis is connected to the decrease in estrogens concentration as a result of malfunction of endocrine ovarian function. Low estrogens concentration causes increase in bone demineralization and results in osteoporosis. Physical activity, as a component of therapy of patients with osteoporosis, has been used for a long time now. One of the forms of safe physical activity is the vibration training. Training is to maintain a static position or execution of specific exercises involving the appropriate muscles on a vibrating platform, the mechanical vibrations are transmitted to the body of the patient. According to the piezoelectric theory, pressure induces bone formation in the electrical potential difference, which acts as a stimulant of the process of bone formation. Whole body vibration increases the level of growth hormone and testosterone in serum, preventing sarcopenia and osteoporosis. The aim of this study was to review the literature on vibration exercise in patients with postmenopausal osteoporosis based on the PubMed and Medline database. While searching the database, the following key words were used 'postmenopausal osteoporosis' and 'whole-body vibration exercise'.
postmenopausal osteoporosis; whole-body vibration exercise
PMID: 26327887 [PubMed] PMCID: PMC4440196